It is fairly common in these villages to come across a farmer intending to commit suicide. This is because the livelihood of the farmer is completely at the mercy of the monsoon. Marathwada region to which Parli tehsil belongs, is a severely drought prone area as you may be aware. This puts the life of the farmer in a crisis every time there is no rainfall.
Also there are many issues in the Indian agricultural system like exploitation of farmers by middlemen, corruption, technologically backward practices, small farms etc. Therefore we must provide the farmers an alternative source of income through animal husbandry, cottage industries etc. It will help them sustain their households and bring up their living standards.
Goat has been described as a poor man’s cow (or mini-cow) because of its immense contribution to his economy. They not only supply nutritious and easily digestible milk to their children but also provide a regular source of income for the poor, landless or marginal farmers.
We gave a pregnant goat each to 10 households of every village initially. The landless labourers and people who are living in Tanda (hamlets just outside the villages where the lowest caste people live in abysmal conditions) were given first priority.
The pregnant goat will produce 3-4 kids per pregnancy cycle. It will be mandatory for the beneficiaries to give back a kid so that we can pass it on to another needy family in the village.
The goats will be of Osmanabadi breed as they are hardy, local and recommended by veterinary doctors for goat farming.
Being small-sized animals, they can share their owner’s house and can easily be managed by women and children. They are known to have a friendly disposition.
Goats can thrive on farm fodder, vegetables, grass, pulp of pulses, kitchen waste etc. thus helping the houses get rid of all their bio-waste. They are less prone to diseases and can adapt to tough climatic conditions like drought affected areas.
They are called the “foster mother of human” because their milk is considered as the best for human consumption. It is also effective as an Ayurvedic medicine for the people who are ailing with diabetes, asthma, cough etc.
No. of pregnant goats to be given per household : 1
No. of households to be covered per village : 10
Total no. of goats required (in 15 villages) : 1×10×15 = 150 goats
Cost of each goat = Rs. 7000
Total cost : 150×7000 = Rs. 10, 50,000.
The Kuroiler chickens are also known as the ‘millionaire poultry breed’ thanks to the admirable qualities including fast maturity, a higher number of eggs compared to the native Indian hens, longer laying period and fast maturity rate of only 10 weeks. By the age of maturity, the Kuroiler chickens will weigh as much as 3.5 Kgs with very minimal input from the owner’s side. This breed is ideal for the poor households in the villages as they provide high productivity despite difficult conditions, minimum care and poor quality of feed.
We have given 10 Kuroiler chicks per household to start a small poultry business. As per our principles, the landless labourers and people who are living in Tanda (hamlets just outside the villages where the lowest caste people live in abysmal conditions) were given first priority.
We sourced day old Kuroiler chicks in batches of 500 chicks each from a hatchery.
Baby chicks need shelters known as brooders which is maintained at temperatures of around 95 degree celcius as this is essential for their survival. Therefore, they were looked after in a poultry farm for the next 30 days where they were vaccinated twice.
Following that, the 500 chicks were distributed to 50 households in the villages.
It will be mandatory for the beneficiaries to give back 10 chicks when the initial set of chickens give birth to babies. After being kept in a brooder for a month, they will be passed on to other needy members of their village.